Emotions, sentiments, sensations, réactions : mais dans quel état j’erre ?

« Je suis de tempérament plutôt anxieuse mais aujourd’hui, je suis d’humeur joyeuse : le beau m’apparaît et provoque en moi de douces sensations, je me sens pleine d’entrain. Je téléphone à une amie pour qu’elle vienne boire le thé. En l’attendant, je prépare et…casse ma théière préférée, je sens soudain la colère monter en moi (mes tempes battent la chamade, mon cœur s’accélère, les pensées se bousculent). Je me pose à la balustrade et prends quelques grandes respirations en fermant les yeux…hummm, je sens ce vent doux sur ma peau allié à cette chaleur matinale, mes tempes se relâchent, mes mâchoires se desserrent…je prends conscience que ce n’était qu’un sentiment d’agacement, dû à des projections associées (souvenirs)…mon humeur, elle, reste joyeuse ! J’ouvre les yeux, tout est calme autour de moi, je souri, heureuse d’être autant en vie, réactive à tout ce qui se passe en moi et autour de moi. Un klaxonne chante…oh, mon amie arrive ! Mes yeux s’écarquillent, mes poumons se gonflent, réactions qui causent en moi cette joie avec un sentiment profond de confiance, confiance en mes capacités à communiquer sereinement aujourd’hui avec mon entourage et à laisser mes angoisses un moment de côté… »

Le corps et l’esprit sont indissociablement attachés. Suite à un évènement extérieur ou une simple pensée, perceptions par nos 5 sens et sensations internes envoient des informations à notre cerveau : une émotion éclot et à fonction d’adapter notre organisme aux sollicitations vécues. Elle est intuitive.

Voyons l’utilité de chacune :
La peur aide à éviter une menace, à se protéger du danger ou à trouver une nouvelle stratégie. Elle stimule la pensée pour quelque chose qui doit arriver (futur plus ou moins proche)
La colère aide à refuser ce qui n’est pas bon pour soi, à s’affirmer, à protéger ses valeurs, à instaurer des limites. Elle mobilise l’énergie pour une action immédiate (présent).
La tristesse accompagne les peines, aide à accepter l’inévitable, qui nous dépasse. Forme de lâcher-prise, de laisser aller nécessaire pour guérir, franchir un évènement (passé plus ou moins lointain), elle véhicule une énergie libératrice.
La joie amplifie les plaisirs, aide au partage, à l’ouverture. C’est un moteur, elle crée la vitalité (réconciliatrice entre passé, présent et futur).

Voici pour les 4 émotions simples mais elles peuvent être mixées (la jalousie est un mélange de colère et de peur) ou de diverses intensités (la terreur une variante de la peur, la rage une de celle de la colère). Mais les émotions sont souvent repoussées, refoulées…elles peuvent alors devenir parasite. La tristesse jamais exprimée se cristallise avec des effets physiologique (une oppression thoracique chronique par exemple) ou psychologiques (une basse estime de soi ou un tempérament triste en trame de fond par exemple). L’émotion est brève et spontanée mais si elle dure, se répète ou est refoulée, elle passe dans le circuit des pensées, des jugements, des représentations et laisse place à un sentiment, cet état affectif plus ou moins durable. Le sentiment est plutôt d’ordre cérébral, une interprétation subjective. Une émotion est une réaction à une situation immédiate mais le cerveau y mêle parfois des pensées ou des souvenirs ce qui crée des émotions non adaptées. Voilà où la Sophrologie peut aider. S’ancrer au présent et y accueillir toutes les sensations et perceptions sans les classer, percevoir les émotions à leur émergence avant de se laisser embarquer dans toutes ces émotions trafiquées. Accepter que « je ne suis pas un sentiment, je ne suis pas émotion, ni une sensation » mais qu’ils ne font que me traverser… un instant…Faire un pas de côté pour pouvoir après agir en pleine conscience. Vous êtes alors sur le chemin de la sincérité, de la spontanéité, de la liberté et du plaisir d’ETRE.

Exercice : relire le texte du début avec attention…et surligner ce qui évoque pour vous: tempérament (lui aussi n’est ni définitif ni constant) ; humeur (tendance de la journée) ; évènement de cause ; sensations observées (causées par l’évènement et qui créent l’émotion) ; émotions ; sentiments (ce qui est après le filtre de l’analyse) ; évènements causés (par ces émotions et sentiments)


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